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Facts & Figures of
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

CKD Stages

Your kidneys' primary function is to filter and excrete waste products. To find out how well your kidneys are doing, we measure the quantity of waste that circulates in your blood.

CKD Stages

This is a test used to check how well the kidneys are working by estimating how much waste is in your blood. The more waste products in your blood the lower the filtration rate.



The two main causes of CKD are diabetes and high blood pressure, which are responsible for up to two-thirds of all cases.

Immune and inherited causes, as well as other reasons, are responsible for the rest.

CKD Graph
CKD Graph Legend

Video Gallery

Different Risk Levels

The following videos provide additional information about different levels of Kidney Failure Risk.

Very Low Risk
Low risk
High/Medium Risk
10% percent 10% percent

people in the UK have CKD stage 3a to 5.....meaning more than 3.6 million people have the condition

10 people
25 percent 25 percent

people in the UK over the age of 65 have some form of CKD.

4 people
20 percent 20 percent

people with diabetes and 70 in 100 people with high blood pressure in the UK don't have their urine protein(ACR) checked on an annual basis.

5 people
3 percent 3 percent

Kidney Failure Risk Equation

Using the patient's Urine, Sex, Age and eGFR, the kidney failure risk equation provides the 2 and 5 year probability of treated kidney failure for a potential patient with CKD stage 3a to 5.

CKD Equation CKD Equation
The equation has been validated in more than 30 countries worldwide, including the UK, making it the most accurate and efficient way of finding out an individual's risk of needing dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Countries participating in validation Countries participating in validation

Want to learn more?

Visit the NHS Website NHS - Chronic Kidney Disease
Your kidneys and what they do
What is Chronic Kidney Disease
What is my risk
What are SGLT2 inhibitors

Urine Albumin
mL/min/1.73 m2