Your kidneys' primary function is to filter and excrete waste products. To find out how well your kidneys are doing, we measure the quantity of waste that circulates in your blood.
This is a test used to check how well the kidneys are working by estimating how much waste is in your blood. The more waste products in your blood the lower the filtration rate.
The two main causes of CKD are diabetes and high blood pressure, which are responsible for up to two-thirds of all cases.
Immune and inherited causes, as well as other reasons, are responsible for the rest.
The following videos provide additional information about different levels of Kidney Failure Risk.
people with diabetes and 70 in 100 people with high blood pressure in the UK don't have their urine protein(ACR) checked on an annual basis.
Using the patient's Urine, Sex, Age and eGFR, the kidney failure risk equation provides the 2 and 5 year probability of treated kidney failure for a potential patient with CKD stage 3a to 5.
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The Kidney Failure Risk Equation (KFRE) was developed in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3a to 5 (eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73m2) referred to kidney doctors in Canada. It has now been validated in more than 800,000 individuals from more than 35 countries worldwide. Specific validation of KFRE has been performed in UK primary care. The four variable equation accurately predicts the 2 and 5 year probability of endstage kidney disease, the need for dialysis or a kidney transplant, for an individual with CKD stages 3a to 5. The model has been updated, known as re-calibration, for the UK. The need for re-calibration is very common for risk prediction tools such as KFRE.
Determining the risk of kidney failure may be useful to healthcare professionals caring for individuals with CKD. KFRE is recommended for use by The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (NG203). Prospective clinical trials evaluating the utility of this instrument for clinical decision making are in progress.
This website has been developed as a UK version of kidneyfailurerisk.com. The content is only applicable to individuals with CKD in the UK. The website development costs have been generously funded by AstraZeneca UK as part of an education grant to University of Leicester. AstraZeneca UK have had no direct input into the content of the website. Please contact email@example.com if you have any questions or comments.
ESTIMATED GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE
Patient risk of progression to kidney failure requiring dialysis or transplant:
Taking into account the individual's wishes and other health conditions, considering referral to a hospital kidney doctor if:
Other NICE referral criteria include:
There are things you can do to reduce your risk of kidney failure over the next five years. Click below to see how the following will decrease your risk.
The benefits of these changes can add up over time.
1. Click the "Print or Save to PDF" button.
2. Once the print dialog box shows up, change the "Destination" to be "Save as PDF"
3. Click "Save" or "Save As"